How to Start and Run a Bakery in Nigeria.
Bakery business is one of those businesses many Nigerians take for granted. This is one business that is more or less the food basket of societies all over world. There is no country – developed, semi-developed or under-developed – on the planet that does not rely on bakeries for food. You can start and run a bakery on either a small scale or large scale. Bakeries produce all food varieties made with flour such as pastries, cookies, cakes, bread, snacks, etc. Bakery business is a sure way of breaking out of poverty in Nigeria because people must eat. People need food to stay alive. They need food to keep body and soul together. Products from bakeries are always in high demand because people cannot do without it. The best kinds of businesses to do in Nigeria are those businesses that offers products or services that fall under the :umbrella of essential commodities or services. For instance, it is difficult for all members of a household to resist the urge or appeal to eat at least one loaf of bread in a weak. Do the maths by the number of households that are your possible customers and you will discover how lucrative this business is.
Over the years, bakery business has stood the test of time. You should understand that every Nigerian is in a hurry to make money. This is evident in the craze for Ponzi schemes here and there. Your starting up a business in Nigeria is going to be filled with a lot of ups and downs that may want to put you out of business and the only thing which will keep you going is the fire and zeal in you.
Benefits of Opening and Running a Bakery Business in Nigeria.
There are huge benefits achievable in opening and running a bakery business in Nigeria. Transpedia News could not have put it better:
You can start small:
A bakery does not take up much space, unlike other food businesses. All you need is a space for production that is big enough to prepare and bake your goodies. An ample space where you can display your products will suffice. Just make sure that the place is squeaky clean to avoid contamination.
A home bakery allows you to save on capital costs:
If you choose to operate a bakery right in your home, you can save on capital costs. Just a little construction of shelves, counters, cabinets, etc., and your bakery is done. You do not need to worry about monthly rental fees, but, of course, you have to comply with the licensing requirements. Likewise, you should not overlook the health and sanitary requirements.
A bakery business permits product specialization:
Although there are varieties of bread, cakes, and pastries, you may choose to focus on a particular product line such as cookies as your primary product. You can invent different cookie recipes and come up with different package displays to entice more customers to patronize your cookie shop.
A bakery business promotes creativity:
As a baker, you can challenge yourself by creating new recipes and inventing new products to improve sales and customer satisfaction. You can express your ideas by experimenting on different ingredients and incorporating different styles in decorating your products.
Baked items have a sustainable market:
A bakery is one store that is hard to resist because bread, cake, and pastries are everyone’s comfort food. People of all ages and races eat bread. Thus, they patronize the bakery in their area. Consequently, you develop loyal customers who, by word of mouth, spread the good news about your products.
A bakery franchise allows you to start a business with full support:
In the event that you choose to own a bakery franchise, you may have the chance to run a business that is already established. Their products are already known in the market; hence, you already have solid customers. Their operating procedures are already tested, and that is a guarantee that your bakery business will also be a success. If you’re thinking of the best selling baked items, cookies are a great choice. Everyone loves cookies, so they are not hard to market. Therefore, a cookie business is most likely to succeed.
A home bakery lets you work at home:
If you’re a working mom or dad, a bakery out of your home means that you can juggle your time between being a baker and a homemaker. You can look after your family or an elderly parent while tending to your bakery business at the same time. That’s hitting two birds with one stone.
Guidelines on How to Start and Run a Bakery Business in Nigeria.
According to Startup Ideas, the following are smart guidelines to starting and running a bakery business in Nigeria:
Do a simple online and offline survey around you:
Yes, we know that bakery business is very lucrative, be it bread, pastries, cakes, and other small chops, the bakery has a lot of areas you should consider dabbling in, but most especially your area of interest should be somewhat related to each other, it’s easier to do bread and meat pies because it outside having to allow the bread to rise overnight meat pies can be produced and supplied to different outlets or canteens around your neighborhood Your Survey is to find out what kind of pastries and baked foods are in demand around your area, You should also find out the kind of competition you’re going to face, it is better to start in an area where the competition will not overwhelm you. Here are what you should look out for in the survey:
* The most Demanded baked goods
* The Market Price
* The Companies existing in that locality and consumers acceptances or complain in regard to those products.
Draw out a Business Plan on your Bakery Business:
See, I know how it feels each time a business plan is mentioned, to me most times it feels like trying to learn all the business taxonomies and slang but simply put, a business plan is just a small document which you put together to help you in putting up that idea into reality, it should contain everything you wish to happen in that business, such as the location, the total amount requires to startup the business and the way you wish to market your baking business.
Choose a good location:
If you remembered I said that location is very vital to the success of any business and in this bakery business, it’s important as ever, while the demand for bread and baked products are ever-increasing, would you like to be in a small sparsely populated area with poor road network, no electricity? The resultant effect will lead to low patronage and spoilage of your bread and products. It’s also not advisable to locate your bakery in a cluster of houses to avoid fire hazards, ensure that you cite your bakery away from other bakeries
Get the needed Equipment and Tools for your Bakery Business:
This is where the most actions and spending will be done, you are going to need the following equipment for the smooth operation of your bakery business:
* Mixers: of various Kinds which will be used according to the type or quantity of ingredients you are working with
* Oven: This is the heartbeat of Bakery business, you can have more than two sets of ovens, Electric and charcoal driven oven, especially where the power supply is unstable, but if you are going into a big-time bakery business, the best is the gas-driven oven, but adequate care must be in place during operation to avoid a crisis. Bread bakery requires coal or charcoal Oven mostly the earth oven to reduce operational cost, but nowadays technology has relegated those types in the background
* Slicer: We don’t expect you to always use a knife to cut your bread or meat pies? Of course not, this is a commercial business, there are small equipment designed for it
* Molding machines: To give the desired shape and finishing you need a molding machine
Hand gloves: for Personal hygienic and safety standards, especially when health inspectors will come around
* Sheet pan racks: to carry your baked products in and out of the oven
* Refrigeration: to store some ingredient such as milk, rising agents, eggs, etc to reduce damages and spoilage
* Display case: This is very crucial for small entrepreneurs, you can have a showcase stand where onlookers and passerby can see what your products look like
Register Your Business Name, Get License and Approval:
After getting set the next line of action should be to get registered, for a low bakery startup, you should opt-in for a Corporate Affairs Commission business name, Bakery Business requires a license to operate, you need to
Marketing Your Product:
After Production of your Bakery goods where the onus lies is on Selling your products, for a start, you can contact supermarkets and joints around your area, However that may prove stressful, because other bakers might have reached out before you,
Starting and running a bakery can be compared to starting and running a fast food joint but they are both different; especially with some regulatory requirements peculiar to bakery business. A bakery business will require you meet certain requirements which represents a lot of safety measures to adhere to. This is because bakeries produce what people eat. Therefore, care must be taken to ensure people’s health and safety. It would not be nice if your customers die from food poisoning, would it? Hence, personal hygiene and general cleanliness is of utmost importance.